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CBD has been making quite the buzz lately. If you’re unfamiliar with what exactly CBD is, we’re pretty sure you’ve at least heard the term or seen it displayed somewhere. With marijuana legalization sweeping the country, the primal steps of becoming legal are individual states’ acceptance of CBD for treatment. Cannabidiol , or CBD hemp oil, is extracted from the cannabis or hemp plant, then diluted with coconut or hemp seed oil. This extract contains zero psychoactive components, which means it cannot and will not get you high. However, with increasing research it is becoming more well known that CBD has multiple healthy and helpful benefits that the average person may want to consider.
Let’s break down what exactly CBD is. There are two main types of cannabinoids: the endo type is produced naturally within the body and the phyto type is produced from a plant. Can you guess whether CBD is an endo or a phyto? CBD is a phytocannabinoid. Phyto’s mimic endo’s, so they can act like a supplement, giving you a boost beyond what your body can produce.
ANTI-INFLAMMATORY & PAIN RELIEVER
If you didn’t know, CBD is an anti-inflammatory and pain reliever. It may not be as strong as an oxycodone, but that’s exactly why it’s a healthier form of pain relief. Scientifically put, our bodies contain something called the endocannabinoid system (they don’t teach you that in school.) This system controls our bodily functions including sleep, appetite, pain and immune system response. Our bodies produce endocannabinoids, which are neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors in your nervous system. CBD helps supress the production of cytokine (a secretion of certain cells of the immune system and have an effect on other cells) and induces T-regulatory cells to protect the body from attacking itself. CBD also inhibits the transmission of neuronal signalling through pain pathways.
Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, CBD is a great treatment for acne. One study showed that CBD prevents sebaceous gland cells from secreting excessive sebum, which causes bacteria to form - hence acne. It also exerts anti-inflammatory actions and prevents the activation of “pro-acne” agents like inflammatory cytokines. It is to be noted, however, that these studies were conducted in test tubes and not on actual humans. So the possibility of successful CBD acne treatment is there, however it has not been proven in human form.
CBD is an excellent choice for those suffering with depression and anxiety. CBD works directly on the brain receptors 5HT1A (serotonin) and GABA (an inhibitory neurotransmitter). One study showed that those who took CBD before a speech performance test were more likely to exhibit less anxiety, cognitive impairment and discomfort in their speech performance than those who were given addictive pharmaceuticals like benzodiazepines. Not only in humans, but CBD has shown to have antidepressant-like effects in several animal studies as well.
BLOOD PRESSURE STABILIZER
Scientists have been finding that CBD may be beneficial to the heart and circulatory system as well. CBD may be a natural and effective treatment for high blood pressure. Researchers have suggested that the stress and anxiety-reducing properties of CBD are responsible for its ability to help lower blood pressure. At this time, research is still being conducted on how CBD affects the body however, one study found that treatment with CBD reduced oxidative stress and prevented heart damage in diabetic mice with heart disease. We can only hope that CBD would have a similar effect on a human being.
If you haven’t seen any of the miraculous video’s of parents giving their epileptic children doses of CBD during a seizure - pause reading this article and click here. (WARNING: Video may be disturbing to some viewers) CBD has the magical ability of ceasing uncontrollable, involuntary body movements like seizures. Studies have shown that CBD, when taken with other anti-seizure medications, reduces the frequency and severity of seizures. Currently, CBD is only legally available to treat LGS (Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome) and Dravet syndrome. The most well known CBD oil on the market is Epidolex, became approved by the FDA in June 2018 for treating seizures.
CBD is thought to have antipsychotic effects, making it become considered as a treatment to schizophrenia. The greatest evidence, though, is its ability to block THC-induced psychosis. It also has the likelihood to improve the difficult-to-treat negative symptoms and cognitive impairment caused by schizophrenia. The best part of it all is that is well-tolerated and has fewer side effects compared to traditional anti-psychotics. As with anything marijuana related, more studies need to be conducted.
Speaking of side effects, lets talk about the aftermath of taking CBD. It won’t get you high, but it can possibly leave you feeling fatigued. CBD also has the tendency to leave you with dry mouth and diarrhea (if taken orally). Some have noted bloating as a side effect, nausea and even vomiting has been recorded. Increase and/or decrease in appetite isn’t uncommon either.